Sikhism is a non-semitic, Aryan, non Vedic religion. Though not a major religion of the world, it is a branch or offshoot of Hinduism founded by Guru Nanak at the end of the 15th Century. It originated in the Area of Pakistan and North West India called Punjab meaning the land of the 5 rivers. Guru Nanak was born in a Kshatriya (warrior caste) Hindu family but was very strongly influenced by Islam and Muslims.
DEFINITION OF SIKH AND SIKHISM
The word ‘Sikh’ is derived from the word ‘Sisya’ meaning disciple or follower. Sikhism is a religion of 10 Gurus, the first Guru being Guru Nanak and the 10th and the last being Guru Gobind Singh. The sacred book of Sikhism is Sri Guru Granth also called Adi Granth Sahib.
THE FIVE – ‘K’S
Every Sikh is supposed to keep the five ‘K’s which are also serve as his identity.
(i) Kesh – uncut hair; which all the Gurus kept
(ii) Kangha – comb; used to keep the hair clean.
(iii) Kada – metal or steel bangle; for strength and selfrestrain
(iv) Kirpan – dagger; for self defence
(v) Kaccha – special knee length underwear or underdrawler for agility
MULMANTRA :- THE FUNDAMENTAL CREED OF SIKHISM
The best definition that any Sikh can give regarding concept of God in Sikhism is quote the “Mul Mantra” – the fundamental creed of Sikhism, which occurs at the beginning of Guru Granth Sahib.
It is mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib volume 1 Japuji, the first verse
“There exists but one God, who is called the true the creator, free from fear and hate, immortal not begotten, self -existant, Great and compassionate”.
Sikhism enjoins on its followers strict monothiesm. It believes in only One Supreme God who is, in the unmanifest form called ‘ek omkara’.
In the manifest form He is called as Omkara and has several attributes such as : Kartar – The Creator
Sahib – The Lord Akal – The Eternal
Sattanama – The Holy name Parvardigar – The Cherisher Rahim – The Merciful
Karim – The Benevolent
He is also called ‘Wahe Guru’ – the One true God.
Besides Sikhism being strictly monotheistic, it does not believe in Avataravada – the doctrine of incarnation. Almighty God does not incarnate Himself in what is known as Avatara. Sikhism is also strongly against idol worship
Guru Nanak influenced by Kabir
Guru Nanak was influenced by the sayings of Sant Kabir so much that several chapters of Shri Guru Nanak Sahib contain couplets of Sant Kabir.
One of the famous couplets of Sant Kabir is
“Dukh mein Sumirana sabh karein Sukh mein karein na koya Jo sukh mein sumirana karein To dukh kaye hoye”
(Everyone remembers God during trouble but no one remembers Him during peace and happiness. The one who remembers God during peace and happiness why should he have trouble ?).
Compare this with the following verse of the Holy Qur’an:
“When some trouble toucheth man, He crieth unto his Lord, Turning to Him in repentance: But when He bestoweth A favour upon him As from Himself, (man} Doth forget what he cried And prayed for before, And he doth set upRivals unto Allah”
[Holy Qur’an 39:B]